Sharjah Arts and Culture - Sharjah Information on the culture, Sharjah Heritage and history of the United Arab Emirates

Sharjah History - History of Sharjah United Arab Emirates

House of Abdulah Al Sari
Sharjah Arts Center
Sharjah Art Gallery
Sharjah Museum
Sharjah Fine Arts Society
Sharjah Eslah Museum
 


History
The history of Sharjah goes as far back as some 6000 years back when its name was Saroca. Those were the nomadic people who relied on trade and sea faring. The important phase in the history of Sharjah came when Portuguese took control of the East Coast in 1507, latter came Dutch and finally British who started trading with Qawassim, the forefathers of today's ruling family.

Over the years, Qawassim became stronger and Sheikh Sultan bin Saqr bin Rashid Al Qasimi became the Sheikh of Sharjah in 1804. British influence continued on Sharjah with some turbulent years in between. In 1971, Sharjah became a founder member of United Arab Emirate and next year oil was struck here. This propelled enormous growth of the Emirate that is visible today in the wealth the place has acquired.

Weather and Best Season to Visit
Summer is the hottest season in Sharjah and temperature from the month of May to September exceed 40°C most of the time. Coupled with the humidity level that goes well over 90% at many times, makes it the most uncomfortable season to venture in Sharjah. Rain is a rarity in Sharjah and that makes only two seasons here. Winter from October to April is the best time to visit as the temperature hover around 24°C - 25°C during the day though the nights can get colder.

Attractions
Sharjah is home to some of the most interesting architectural heritage in the country and some traditions that have all been forgotten. The cultural and historical heritages of the region are on display in the museums that Sharjah has built over a period of time.


Sharjah
is the third largest of the seven states, which form the United Arab Emirates. Sharjah (Al-Shariqa) probably has the most colorful history of all the Emirates. From the time of the early trading with the East, to the settlement of the Qawassim seafaring tribe and into the first half of the 19th century, Sharjah was the most important port on the lower Arabian Gulf.

Sharjah is located on the Arabian Gulf in the West, and the Gulf of Oman and the Indian Ocean in the East.

Sharjah is the only Emirate to have land on both the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. Geographically, Sharjah is located between longitude 55.2 East and latitude 25.20 North. The Emirate covers approximately 2,600 square kilometers.

The traditional religion is Islam and the call to prayer sounds five times a day on almost every street corner. People adhere closely to the tenets of Islam in all aspects of their lives. Family ties are very strong and nearly sacred. National dress for men is the kandora (dishdasha), the long white robe and headdress. Women wear the traditional abbaya or black cloak. The most popular national sports include camel racing, falconry and football. The Sharia' Court enforces the law of the land which constitutes a mixture of written and verbal laws passed down from generation to generation.


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